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7100NA Accounting for Managers, Assignment, UOA

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Instructions:

  • Email answer by due date via myuni
  • Show all calculations. Your answers must be solely your own work.
  • Valued at 55% of total A4M assessment.

QUESTION 1 

Refer to the 2023 annual report of Cortina Holding Limited only.  See link Cortina-Holdings-Limited-AR2023.pdf (cortinawatch.com).  As discussed in class use group numbers not company

Required:-

  1. With reference to the extract from the financial statements, what is your assessment of the operating, investing and financing sections for the year ended 31 March 2023 in comparison previous period? Provide evidence to support your assessment.
  2. With reference to the extract from the financial statements, what is your assessment of the profitability for the year ended 31 March 2023 in comparison previous period? Provide evidence (calculation of 2 relevant ratios and use of other relevant information) to support your assessment.
  3. With reference to the extract from the financial statements, what is your assessment of the liquidity for the year ended 31 March 2023 in comparison previous period? Provide evidence (calculation of 2 relevant ratios and use of other relevant information) to support your assessment.
  4. With reference to the extract from the financial statements, what is your assessment of the solvency for the year ended 31 March 2023 in comparison previous period? Provide evidence (calculations of 2 relevant ratios and use of other relevant information) to support your assessment.
  5. Based on your calculations in (a) to (d) above, and other information provided in the extract from the financial statements, what is the company’s future outlook and challenges? Provide evidence to support your assessment .

NOTE: As outlined in the textbook, with some ratios it is common to use average figures (e.g. average total assets) rather than year-end figures. As only information for two years (2023 and 2022) is given, use end of year totals rather than average totals where necessary.

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QUESTION 2

Pete operates John Jones Pty Ltd, which is organised on a June year-end.  Pete has come to you to provide input on how to treat certain items as John Jones Pty Ltd prepares its financial statements for the year ended 30 June 2023.

Additional information:

  1. Annual leave liability has been calculated at $6,000. This amount had not been recorded in the accounts as at 30 June 2023.
  2. Sundry expenses account had a payment of $3,000 for a new computer recorded within it. Payment was made on 30 June 2023.
  3. The accounts receivable list indicated that one debtor did go bankrupt prior to 30 June 2023. The amount of this debt was $20,000.  There was no provision for doubtful debts nor was this debt provide for at year end.
  4. The company prepaid its insurance for 12 months for an amount of $1,200. The prepayment occurred on 1 May 2023.   The $1,200 was shown as insurance expense.
  5. The company purchased a new computer on 1 June for $20,000. It is estimated that it will last for 10 years.  At the end of 10 years, it will have zero scarp value. The company did not record any deprecation for June 2023.  It has a policy of using straight line depreciation.
  6. A loan of $400,000 was incorrectly recorded as equity.

A payment of $30,000 on 30 June 2023 for additions to buildings has been incorrectly allocated to repairs and maintenance.

Required:

a) State which of the above items need adjustment and why or why not. For each item that needs adjustment, show the accounting equation entry required to make the necessary adjustments in the books (show all workings and assumptions).

QUESTION 3

Metal Dect Pty Ltd produces over 2 products. These two products are sold to the parent company. They estimate producing 15,000 units in total for June 2023.  That is, Blue:- 5,000 units and White:- 10,000 units.

The following estimates are available for Metal Dect for June 2023:

7100NA Accounting for Managers

The following information is available for Blue and the White model.

7100NA Accounting for Managers

Blue is sold for $110 per unit, whilst White is sold for $80 per unit.

Metal Dect has considered the introduction of activity-based costing (ABC).  To assist with the potential adoption of ABC management have estimated the following data: –

7100NA Accounting for Managers

Required:

a) Determine the per unit cost for Blue and White using estimated units of production as the allocation base for all manufacturing overhead cost and determine the per unit cost for Blue and White using activity-based costing to allocate total overhead cost .

b) What are the management and long-term strategy implications for Blue and White under both traditional overhead costing system and the proposed ABC system? Discuss, include supporting calculations.

c) What does Metal Dect Pty Ltd need to consider before adopting activity-based costing? Explain your answer.

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QUESTION 4

M&M, is a medium size accounting practice offering numerous services to its clients. On average all these services are charged out at $500 per direct labour hour, whilst variable costs are consumed on a direct labour hour basis. The financial results for the latest year end are detailed below:

It has been suggested by one of the partners in the accounting firm that they should cease small business services, as they were unprofitable

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(a) What is the annual break-even point in hours and fees for each service offered by the firm (show all calculations)?

(b) What costs are relevant in determining if the firm should continue to operate the small business services segment? Discuss

(c) Should the partner’s suggestion be adopted? Justify and discuss implications. List key qualitative and quantitative factors to justify your decision.

(d)  If the business had the ability to move some of its fixed costs to variable would this change your conclusion in (c) above? Answer must be supported by assumptions and calculations.

QUESTION 5 

The following summary data are from a performance report for Washington Accounting Services for May, during which 10,700 professional hours were worked.  The ‘budget’ column reflects the company’s normal capacity of 10,000 professional hours per month.  The managing partner is disappointed with the cost overruns.

7100NA Accounting for Managers

Required:

  • What is a flexible budget and what is it used for?
  • Prepare a flexible budget report for May overheads. The report should include price and volume variance for each overhead? (Show all calculations)
  • Is the managing partner’s concerned valid, justify your answer? (Hint briefly outline the meaning of the differences, if any)
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